Criminal Law is that part of Public Law which determines what unlawful and for the most part intentional action(s) expose a person to punishment by the State. The principles of criminal law consider causes of crime and the establishment of criminal provisions, sentencing of the convicted and the administration of punishment. The Criminal Procedure Act No. 51 of 1977 (as amended) prescribes the procedures and provides for related matters in criminal proceedings. Civil and Criminal law differ from each other, the former’s emphasis is more on dispute resolution and victim compensation and the latter’s on punishment.